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This Day in History - September 9

September 9

  337 – Constantine’s three sons, who are Caesars, each take the title of Augustus. Constantine II and Constans share the west and Constantius II takes control of the west

1087 – William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and King of England, dies in Rouen in a war that began when the French king made fun of him for being fat

1513 – The English kill King James IV of Scotland at Flodden

1585 – Pope Sixtus V deprives Henry of Navarre of his right to the French crown

1585 – French cardinal and statesman who helped turn France into a world power under the leadership of King Louis XIII, Duc Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, is born

1776 – The term “United States” is adopted by the Continental Congress to be used instead of the “United Colonies”

1786 – George Washington calls for the abolition of slavery

1791 – French Royalists barricade themselves inside of Arles

1828 – Russian novelist, Leo Tolstoy, is born

1834 – Parliament passes the Municipal Corporations Act, reforming city and town governments in England

1850 – California enters the Union

1863 – Union General William Rosecrans and his forces capture Chattanooga, Tennessee from Confederate General Braxton Bragg during the Civil War

1886 – The Berne International Copyright Convention takes place

1887 – Republican governor of Kansas who was soundly defeated in his run for the presidency against Franklin Roosevelt, Alfred M. Langdon, is born

1890 – Originator of Kentucky Fried Chicken, Colonel Harland Sanders, is born

1893 – Frances Folsom Cleveland, President Grover Cleveland’s wife, gives birth to daughter Esther in the White House, marking the first White House birth

1900 – Novelist, James Hilton, is born

1905 – Film producer and founder of Embassy Pictures, Joseph E. Levine, is born

1908 – Japanese commander and pilot, Shigekazu Shimazaki, is born

1910 – Alice B. Toklas moves in with writer Gertrude Stein

1911 – An air mail route is opened between Windsor and London

1914 – US Secretary of State Robert Lansing demands the recall of Constantin Dumba, the Austro-Hungarian ambassador in Washington, D.C. during World War I

1919 – The Boston Police strike due to union influence and criminals took advantage by looting the city

1922 – Historian, author, and Pulitzer Prize-winner, Bernard Bailyn, is born

1922 – Composer and music producer, Hoyt Curtin, is born

1926 – The Radio Corporation of America creates the National Broadcasting Co

1934 – Poet, Sonia Sanchez, is born

1939 – Fox Theater in Riverside, California holds a surprise showing of Gone with the Wind so that producer David O. Selznick could gauge audience reaction

1941 – Singer, songwriter Otis Redding is born

1942 – A Japanese float plane, launched from a submarine, makes its first bombing run on a U.S. forest in Oregon during World War II

1943 – Allied forces land at Salerno, Italy and encounter strong resistance from German troops during World War II

1948 – Kim II-sung declares the establishment of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

1949 – 6th president of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is born

1954 – A 6.8 magnitude earthquake hits Algeria, killing 1,600 people and injuring 5,000 more

1956 – Elvis Presley makes his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. Cameras focus on his upper torso and legs to avoid showing his pelvic gyration as Sullivan thought it unfit for a family show

1960 – Actor, film producer, and Golden Globe-winner, Hugh Grant, is born

1965 – Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Sandy Koufax pitches the eighth perfect game in major league history

1965 – US Department of Housing and Urban Development is established

1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans. It was the first hurricane to exceed $1 billion in damages

1966 – Actor, screenwriter, and comedian, Adam Sandler, is born

1966 – President Lyndon Johnson signs the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act into law

1967 – Sergeant Duane D. Hackney receives the Air Force Cross for bravery in rescuing an Air Force pilot in Vietnam becoming the first living Air Force enlisted man to receive the award

1969 – 250,000 mourners come to the funeral of Ho Chi Minh who was buried in Hanoi’s Ba Dinh Square

1969 – Canada’s Official Languages Act takes effect and French becomes equal to English as a language within the nation’s government

1970 – U.S. Marines launch Operation Dubois Square, the 10-day search for North Vietnamese near Da Nang during the Vietnam War

1971 – A four-day riot begins in Attica Prison that will leave 39 dead

1972 – During the Vietnam War, U.S. Air Force Captain Charles B. DeBellevue and pilot Captain John A. Madden, shoot down two MiG-19s near Hanoi, making Captain DeBellevue the leading American ace of the war (ace=unofficial designation awarded for downing at least five enemy aircraft in air-to-air combat)

1975 – Multiple Grammy and Juno award-winning singer, songwriter, and actor, Michael Buble, is born

1976 – Chinese ruler who led his people through a long revolution, Mao Zedong, dies

1978 – Canadian and American film producer, Jack Warner, dies

1980 – Golden Globe-winning actress, Michelle Williams, is born

1988 – Actress, Jo Woodcock, is born

1990 – The Sri Lankan Army butchers 184 civilians of the Tamil minority in the Batticaloa District of Sri Lanka

1991 – Tajikistan declares independence from USSR

1993 – The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state

2001 – Two al Qaeda assassins kill Ahmad Shah Massoud, the leader of the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan

2001 – Ten people are killed when a car bomb explodes outside of the Australian embassy in Jakarta

2003 – Hungarian and American physicist, Edward Teller, dies

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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