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This Day in History - July 6

July 6

1415 – Jan Hus, a Czech who spoke out against Church corruption, is burned at the stake as a heretic

1519 – Charles of Spain is elected Holy Roman emperor in Barcelona

1535 – Sir Thomas More is beheaded in England for refusing to swear allegiance to King Henry VIII as head of the Church

1536 – Jacques Cartier returns to France after discovering the St. Lawrence River in Canada

1553 – Edward VI of England dies

1685 – James II defeats James, the Duke of Monmouth, at the Battle of Sedgemoor, the last major battle to be fought on English soil

1747 – Naval hero of the American Revolution, John Paul Jones, is born

1770 – The entire Ottoman fleet is destroyed by the Russians at the Battle of Chesma

1775 – Congress issues a “Declaration on the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms” against British authority

1781 – British statesman, Stamford Raffles, is born

1788 – 10,000 troops are called out in Paris as unrest mounts in the poorer districts over poverty and lack of food

1835 – John Marshall, the third chief justice of the Supreme Court, dies at the age of 79.  Two days later, while tolling in his honor in Philadelphia, the Liberty Bell cracks

1836 – French General Thomas Bugeaud defeats Abd al-Kader’s forces beside the Sikkak River in Algeria

1854 – The Republican Party is officially organized in Jackson, Michigan

1862 – Writing under the name Mark Twain, Samuel Clemens begins publishing news stories for the Territorial Enterprise in Virginia City

1864 – Confederate General, Jubal Early, occupies Hagerstown, Maryland

1885 – Louis Pasteur gives the first successful anti=rabies inoculation

1893 – French writer, Guy de Maupassant, dies

1907 – Mexican painter, Frida Kahlo, is born

1910 – Opera singer, Dorothy Kiersten, is born

1918 – Troops of the Czech Legion, fighting on behalf of the Allies during WWI, declare the Russian port of Vladivostok, to be an Allied protectorate

1921 – Wife of President Ronald Reagan, Nancy Reagan, is born

1927 – Musician, Bill Haley, is born

1933 – Major League Baseball’s first All-Star Game took place at Chicago’s Comiskey Park

1935 – Nobel Peace Prize-winning Tibetan religious leader, the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is born

1942 – In Nazi-occupied Holland, diarist Anne Frank and her family are forced to take refuge in a secret sealed-off area of an Amsterdam warehouse, just one day after her older sister, Margot, had received a call-up notice to be deported to a Nazi work camp

1944 – Lieutenant Jackie Robinson of the US Army, while riding a civilian bus from Camp Hoo, Texas, refuses to give up his seat to a white man

1944 – France’s minister of colonies and opponent of the armistice with Germany, Georges Mandel, is executed outside Paris by collaborationist French

1944 – A fire breaks out under the big top of the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, killing 167 and injuring 682.  The circus paid $5 million in compensation to the victims since the tent had undergone a treatment with a flammable paraffin thinned with gasoline to make it waterproof.  However, in 1950, Robert Segee confessed to setting the tent on fire and he was sentenced to two consecutive terms of 22 years in prison.  Two-thirds of those who died in the fire were children

1945 – B-29 Superfortress bombers attack Honshu, Japan, using new fire-bombing techniques

1945 – Operation Overcast begins in Europe-moving Austrian and German scientists and their equipment to the US

1946 – FBI agents arrest George “Bugs” Moran in Kentucky, on bank robbery charges, although he was at one time one of the largest organized crime figures in America

1946 – Future President, George Walker Bush, is born

1955 – South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem declares that South Vietnam had not signed the Geneva Agreements and are not bound by them

1957 – Althea Gibson is the first black to win the Wimbledon

1957 – Musicians, John Lennon and Paul McCartney, meet for the first time

1962 – Nobel Prize-winning author William Faulkner dies

1964 – Viet Cong attack Special Forces at Nam Dong in South Vietnam

1967 – Five weeks after its secession from Nigeria, the breakaway Republic of Biafra is attacked by Nigerian government forces

1971 – Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong, one of the most influential singers and jazz trumpeters of the 20th century, dies

1976 – The US Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland admits women for the first time in its history

1982 – President Ronald Reagan agrees to contribute US troops to the peacekeeping unit in Beirut

1988 – An explosion rips through an oil rig in the North Sea, killing 167 in the worst offshore oil-rig disasters in history

1994 – The movie Forrest Gump opens in US theaters

 

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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