This Day in History - September 3

September 3

1189 – Richard Lionheart is crowned King of England after the death of Henry II

1260 – Sultan Qutuz’s Mamelukes defeat the Mongols and Crusaders at Ain Jalut

1346 – Along the coast of France, Edward III of England begins his siege of Calais

1634 – English judge and politician, Edward Coke, dies

1650 – David Leslie’s superior Scottish army is defeated at the Battle of Dunbar by Cromwell and his English troops

1658 – Lord Protector of England, Oliver Cromwell, dies

1777 – The American flag, having been approved by Congress on June 14th, is carried into battle for the first time by troops under General William Maxwell

1783 – Great Britain and the new US end the American Revolution by the signing of the Treaty of Paris

1838 – Frederick Douglass escapes slavery by disguising himself as a sailor

1849 – Author, Sarah Orne Jewett, is born

1855 – At the Battle of Blue Water in Nebraska, General William Harney defeats Little Thunder’s Brule Sioux in the Old West

1856 – Architect who designed the Chicago Auditorium Theater, Louis H. Sullivan is born

1861 – Confederate General Leonidas Polk marches his troops into Columbus, Kentucky, essentially inviting the US government to drive him away since Kentucky had avowed neutrality during the Civil War

1875 – Automotive engineer who designed the Volkswagen and Porsche, Ferdinand Porsche is born

1894 – Theologian, Richard Niebuhr, is born

1895 – The first professional American football game is played in Latrobe, Pennsylvania

1899 – Australian Nobel Prize-winning biologist, Frank Macfarlane Burnet, is born

1900 – The first car ever made in Flint, Michigan, the “Buzz Wagon” makes its debut in the town’s Labor Day parade

1900 – English cricket player, Percy Chapman, is born

1907 – Physicist and Nobel Prize-winner, Carl Anderson, is born

1914 – Chair of the Atomic Energy Commission and UN Peace Prize-winner Dixie Lee Ray is born

1914 – The French capital is moved from Paris to Bordeaux as the Battle of the Marne begins

1914 – Giacomo della Chiesa is elected to the papacy of the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XV

1916 – An Allied offensive breaks the German Somme front during World War I

1918 – The US recognizes the nation of Czechoslovakia

1919 – President Woodrow Wilson takes a tour across the US to promote American membership in the League of Nations

1927 – News correspondent and author, Hugh Sidey, is born

1929 – American mobster, Whitey Bulger, is born

1930 – More than 8,000 people die as a hurricane demolishes the Dominican Republic

1931 – Serial killer and rapist known as the “Boston Strangler,” Albert Henry DeSalvo, is born

1932 – Actress and Golden Globe and Emmy-winner Eileen Brennan is born

1935 – A new world record is set as Sir Malcolm Campbell races his Bluebird car on the Bonneville Salt Flats of Utah averaging 301.129 mph

1939 – Great Britain declares war on Germany for their refusal to stop the invasion of Poland, thus beginning World War II in Europe

1939 – American Secretary of State Cordell Hull warns Americans to avoid travel in Europe if at all possible due to the sinking of the British passenger ship Athenia by a German submarine in the Atlantic, killing 30 Americans

1942 – Musician and composer, Alan Charles “Al” Jardine, is born

1943 – British troops land at Calabria to invade Italy

1944 – Lyons, France is captured by the US Seventh Army

1945 – The Japanese commander of the Philippines, General Tomoyuki Yamashita, surrenders to Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright at Baguio

1949 – Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, Petros VII aka Petros Papapetrou, is born

1950 – US Military Assistance Advisory Group arrives in Saigon to advise on strategy during the Vietnam War

1962 – American poet, EE Cummings, dies

1963 – Author, Malcolm Gladwell, is born

1964 – Co-founder of Mevio, Inc., Adam Curry, is born

1965 – Actor Charlie Sheen aka Carlos Irwin Estevez is born

1967 – Lieutenant General Nguyen Van Thieu is elected president of South Vietnam

1976 – Viking 2, an unmanned US spacecraft, lands on Mars to take the first close-up, color photos

1976 – Actress, Ashley Jones, is born

1977 – Sadaharu Oh of Japan’s Yomiuri Giants hits the 756th home run of his career, breaking Hank Aaron’s professional career record

1981 – English radio and television presenter, Fearne Cotton, is born

1981 – Egypt arrests some 1,500 opponents of the government

1989 – The US begins shipping military aircraft and weapons to Columbia for use against drug lords in the country

1990 – During the Cold War, President George Bush prepares for his first summit meeting with Soviet Mikhail Gorbachev to discuss the handling of the Iraqi crisis in the Middle East

1991 – Hollywood director of It’s a Wonderful Life, Frank Capra, dies

1994 – Russia and China sign a demarcation agreement to end a dispute over a stretch of their border and to agree they will no longer target each other with nuclear weapons

2001 – Protestant loyalists in Belfast, Ireland begin an 11-week picket of the Holy Cross Catholic School for girls, sparking rioting

2004 – The three-day hostage situation at a Russian school led by Chechen rebels comes to a bloody conclusion after Russian officials storm the school
2005 – 16th Chief Justice of the US, William Rehnquist, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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