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This Day in History - August 19

August 19

    14 – Roman Emperor Augustus dies

1493 – Frederick III is succeeded by his son, Maximilian, as Holy Roman Emperor

1587 – Sigismund III is chosen as King of Poland

1692 – Five women are hanged in Salem, Massachusetts after being convicted of being witches. Fourteen more will be executed that year for the same, and 150 others imprisoned

1772 – Gustavus III of Sweden establishes an absolute monarchy

1779 – Americans take the British garrison at Paulus Hook, New Jersey

1812 – The USS Constitution is named “Old Ironsides” during the battle off Nova Scotia when she defeated the HMS Guerriere

1862 – The Dakota Indians bypass Fort Ridgely and instead move on to New Ulm, killing settlers along the way during the Minnesota uprising in the Civil War

1870 – US representative to the UN Atomic Energy Commission, Bernard Baruch, is born

1871 – Aviation pioneer, Orville Wright, is born

1883 – Fashion designer, Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel, is born

1886 – Author Joseph Conrad, born Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski in Poland, becomes a British citizen

1895 – One of the most brutal killers of the Old West, John Wesley Hardin, is murdered by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas

1902 – Humorist, Ogden Nash, is born

1909 – The first race is held at Indianapolis Motor Speedway

1914 – The British Expeditionary Force lands in France

1919 – Publisher of Forbes magazine, Malcolm Forbes, is born

1921 – Television writer and producer of Star Trek, Gene Roddenberry, is born

1931 – Record-setting jockey, Willie Shoemaker, is born

1934 – Adolf Hitler is voted in by the German people as successor to President von Hindenburg

1936 – Spanish poet, playwright, and director, Federico Garcia Lorca, dies

1940 – Actress, Jill St. John, is born

1942 – An Allied force of 7,000 men carry out a raid against the Germans at the French seaport of Dieppe in World War II. It was considered largely unsuccessful, as the allies lost 3,600 men and only killed a few of their targets, but the raid provided logistical information that would be used for planning the successful Allied landing at Normandy later

1942 – US Senator from Tennessee, minority counsel on Watergate Committee, actor, and lobbyist, Fred Thompson, is born

1944 – Charles De Gaulle begins attacking German forces in Paris

1946 – Former President, Bill Clinton, is born

1948 – Wife of US Vice President Al Gore, Tipper Gore, is born

1950 – Edith Sampson becomes the first African-American representative to the United Nations

1952 – Actor, Jonathan Frakes, is born

1953 – The government of Premier Mohammed Mosaddeq in Iran is overthrown by the Iranian military supported by the US government. The Shah of Iran

1960 – Captured American pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment for espionage in the USSR

1964 – The Beatles kick off their first US tour at San Francisco’s Cow Palace

1965 – US forces destroy Viet Cong stronghold near Van Tuong in South Vietnam

1966 – Grammy-winning singer and songwriter, Lee Ann Womack, is born

1974 – US Ambassador to Cyrus Rodger P. Davies assassinated by a sniper of Greek Cypriot paramilitary group EOKA-B during a demonstration outside the embassy in Nicosia

1976 – Gerald Ford wins the Republican Party’s presidential nomination at Kansas City convention

1977 – Comedian, Groucho Marx, dies

1980 – A plane bound for Saudi Arabia catches fire and is forced into an emergency landing. The fire started from passengers cooking with a portable butane stove as is not uncommon for Middle Eastern airlines who accommodate their Muslim passenger’s strict dietary needs. When the plane reached the end of the runway, it burst into flames and none of the 301 people on board survived

1987 – Michael Ryan kills 16 people before committing suicide in the UK. Event becomes known as Hungerford Massacre and Parliament passes the Firearms Act of 1988 banning ownership of certain firearm classes as a result

1988 – Cease fire begins between Iran and Iraq in an 8-year war

1991 – Yankel Rosenbaum is stabbed to death by an angry mob in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, New York. A seven-year-old child, Gavin Cato, had been struck by a car earlier driven by a Hasidic Jew and the crowd was seeking revenge on his death

1993 – Actors Kim Basinger and Alec Baldwin are married

1994 – Nobel Prize-winning chemist Linus Pauling dies

2002 – Russian Mi-26 helicopter is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny killing 118 Russian troops

2003 – Suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem known as Shmuel Hanavi bus bombing, kills 23 Israelis, including children, and wounds 130. Islamic militant group Hamas claims responsibility

2004 – Google Inc. hits the Nasdaq

2005 – The Toronto Supercell takes place. Thunderstorms spawn tornadoes and cause flash floods across southern Ontario. Damages exceed $500 million Canadian dollars and set a record for financial loss in the province

2010 – Operation Iraqi Freedom ends

2011 – The “Memphis Three” were released from prison after serving 18 years for being convicted of murdering three 8-year old boys. In May of 1993, the boys, Christopher Byers, Steve Branch and Michael Moore were found naked and hog-tied, mutilated and in a drainage ditch in a wooded section of West Memphis, Arkansas. The convicted were accused of having ties to Satanism and their case attracted celebrity attention as there were many conflicting stories, theories, and evidence that cast doubt on their guilt. The boys agreed to plead guilty while still maintaining their innocence and were released

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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