This Day in History - June 15

June 15

1184 – King Mangus of Norway is defeated by his rival, Sverre

1215 – King John signs the Magna Carta

1300 – Poet Dante Alighieri becomes one of six priors of Florence, active in governing the city

1330 – The eldest son of Edward III, Edward the Black Prince, is born

1381 – The English peasant revolt in London is crushed

1389 – Ottoman Turks defeat Serbia in the Battle of Kosovo

1607 – Colonists in North America complete James Fort in Jamestown

1767 – First lady to President Andrew Jackson, Rachel Robards, is born

1775 – George Washington is named Commander-in-Chief by Congress

1776 – The Assembly of the Lower Counties of Pennsylvania declares itself independent of British and Pennsylvanian authority, thereby creating the state of Delaware

1779 – American General, Anthony Wayne, captures Stony Point, New York

1836 – Arkansas is admitted into the Union as the 25th state

1843 – Norwegian composer, Edvard Grieg, is born

1846 – Great Britain and the US agree on a joint occupation of Oregon Territory

1846 – Francis Parkman, one of the first serious historians to study the American West, arrives at Fort Laramie and prepares for a summer of research with the Sioux

1849 – James Polk, the 11th president of the US, dies

1862 – General JEB Stuart completes his “ride around McClellan”

1863 – President Abraham Lincoln calls for help in protecting Washington, DC, America’s capital

1864 – The Battle for Petersburg begins

1866 – Prussia attacks Austria

1877 – Henry O. Flipper becomes the first black to graduate from the US Military Academy at West Point

1888 – Frederick III, German Emperor, dies

1898 – The US House of Representatives approves the annexation of Hawaii

1902 – Psychologist, Erik H. Erikson, is born

1904 – Fire aboard the paddle steamer General Slocum on New York’s East River, kills 1,021, mostly German-Americans

1914 – American cartoonist, Saul Steinberg, is born

1916 – President Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America

1917 – Great Britain pledges to release all of the Irish captured during the Easter Rebellion of 1916

1917 – The US Congress passes the Espionage Act

1920 – Three blacks are lynched in Duluth, Minnesota, by a white mob of 5,000

1922 – US Congressman, Morris “Mo” Udall, is born

1928 – Republicans, convening in Kansas City, name Herbert Hoover their candidate for President

1932 – Gaston Means is sentenced to 15 years for fraud in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping

1938 – Cincinnati Reds pitcher, Johnny Vander Meer, pitches his second consecutive no-hit, no-run game making him the only pitcher in baseball history to throw back-to-back no-hitters

1940 – The French fortress of Verdun is captured by Germans

1941 – American artist, Neal Adams, is born

1941 – English poet Evelyn Underhill dies

1941 – American singer, songwriter, and musician, Harry Nilsson, is born

1943 – Paul Blobel, an SS colonel, is given the assignment of coordinating the destruction of the evidence of the grossest of Nazi atrocities, the systematic extermination of European Jews.  Blobel put together his “Special Commando Group 1,005,” forcing Jewish slave laborers from the nearby concentration camps to dig up the corpses, extract the gold from their teeth, and then burn the bodies

1944 – US Marines begin the invasion of Saipan in the Pacific

1945 – Actress and singer, Judy Garland, marries her second husband, director Vincente Minnelli

1946 – The US presents the Baruch Plan for the international control of atomic weapons to the UN and its failure to gain acceptance will lead to the nuclear arms race between the US and the Soviet Union during the Cold War

1947 – The All India Congress accepts a British plan for the partition of India

1958 – Greece severs military ties to Turkey because of the Cyprus issue

1964 – The last French troops leave Algeria

1964 – Danish soccer player Michael Laudrup is born

1965 – US planes bomb targets in North Vietnam

1969 – German soccer player, Oliver Kahn, is born

1977 – The first general election in Spain since 1936 results in victory for the UCD or Union of Democratic Centre

1984 – American baseball player, Tim Lincecum, is born

1986 – Driving legend Richard Petty makes the 1,000th start of his NASCAR career, in the Miller American 400 in Brooklyn, Michigan

1993 – English Grand Prix driver, James Hunt, dies

1996 – American singer, Ella Fitzgerald, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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