This Day in History - November 6

November 6

1429 – Henry VI is crowned King of England

1528 – Spanish conquistador Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca is shipwrecked on a sandy island off the coast of Texas, making him the first European to set foot on the soil of the future Lone Star state

1558 – Thomas Kyd, playwright whose work gave rise to tragedies like William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, is baptized in London

1789 – Pope Pius VI appoints John Carroll bishop of Baltimore, making him the first Catholic bishop in the United States

1812 – Napoleon Bonaparte retreats from Moscow

1814 – Adolphe Sax, inventor of the saxophone, is born

1836 – Charles X of France dies

1851 – American financial journalist who created the Dow-Jones averages along with Edward Jones, Charles Henry Dow is born

1854 – John Philip Sousa, “The March Master,” American bandmaster and composer, is born

1860 – Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the US

1861 – Jefferson Davis is elected to a six-year term as president of the Confederacy

1861 – Canadian physical education instructor who invented the game of basketball, James Naismith, is born

1863 – The Battle of Droop Mountain in West Virginia takes place, with Union forces surrounding the defending Confederates

1887 – Baseball pitcher, Walter Johnson, is born

1891 – Comanche, the only 7th Cavalry horse to survive George Armstrong Custer’s “Last Stand” at Little Bighorn, dies at Fort Riley, Kansas

1892 – New Yorker editor, Harold Ross, is born

1893 – Russian composer, Pyotry Ilyich Tchaikovsky, dies

1906 – President Theodore Roosevelt leaves for a 17-day trip to Panama and Puerto Rico, becoming the first president to make an official diplomatic tour outside of the continental United States

1911 – Maine becomes a dry state

1917 – Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky seize power in Petrograd as they lead the Bolshevik “October Revolution” (October 25 on the old Russian calendar)

1917 – The Third Battle of Ypres finally ends when Canadian forces take the village of Passchendaele in Belgium, after three months of horrendously difficult fighting

1921 – American novelist, James Jones, is born

1923 – One loaf of bread is reported to be worth about 140 billion German marks in Berlin, as European inflation skyrockets

1931 – Film and stage director, Mike Nichols, is born

1941 – Texas country-folk singer and songwriter, Guy Clark, is born

1945 – The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down

1946 – Academy Award-winning actress, Sally Field, is born

1948 – Singer, songwriter, musician, and founding member of the band, the Eagles, Glenn Frey, is born

1949 – American diplomat, Joseph C. Wilson, is born

1955 – Journalist, author, and First Lady of California while married to Arnold Schwarzenegger, Maria Shriver, is born

1960 – German Admiral, Erich Raeder, dies

1962 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution condemning South Africa’s racist apartheid policies and calling for an end to economic and military relations with the country

1963 – After the coup that ended in the murder of President Ngo Dinh Diem, Gen. Duong Van Minh, leading the Revolutionary Military Committee of the dissident generals who had led the coup, takes over leadership of South Vietnam

1970 – South Vietnamese forces launch a new offensive into Cambodia, a 100-mile-wide front in southeastern Cambodia to clean out border sanctuaries and block the North Vietnamese from moving through Cambodia into South Vietnam

1970 – American actor, screenwriter, and director, Ethan Hawke, is born

1973 – Coleman Young becomes the first black mayor of Detroit, Michigan

1976 – Professional football player who ended his career to enlist in the US Army in the wake of 9/11 and who was killed by friendly fire in Afghanistan in 2004, Pat Tillman, is born

1977 – The Toccoa Falls Dam in Georgia gives way and 39 people die in the resulting flood

1982 – Shirley Allen is arrested for poisoning her husband Lloyd’s drinks with anti-freeze after being turned in by her own daughter. She will later be sentenced to life in prison. Interestingly, Lloyd was Shirley’s sixth husband and the second to die from mysterious causes; the other four husbands divorced her and one of them did so after complaining that the drinks she made for him tasted funny, so much so, that he had gone to the police, although charges were never filed

1985 – Over 100 people are killed, including 11 of the 25 Supreme Court justices, when guerillas of the 19th of April Movement seize Colombia’s Palace of Justice in Bogota in a two-day siege and military assault to retake the building

1986 – A British International Helicopter’s Boeing 234LRR Chinook crashes just a couple miles from Sumburgh Airport, killing 45 and marking the deadliest civilian helicopter crash to date

1986 – The Iran arms-for-hostages deal is revealed creating scandal for the Reagan administration

1987 – Serbian tennis player, Ana Ivanovic, is born

1988 – Actress, Emma Stone, is born

1988 – Soviet scientist and human rights activist Andrei Sakharov begins a two-week visit to the United States, calling for the US people to support Mikhail Gorbachev’s policies for political openness (glasnost) and economic reforms (perestroika)

1991 – American actress, Gene Tierney, dies

1995 – The Rova of Antananarivo, home of Madagascar’s sovereigns from the 16th to the 19th centuries is destroyed by fire

1995 – Art Modell, the owner of the Cleveland Browns football team announces that he is moving the team to Baltimore

1999 – Australia’s voters reject a referendum to make the country a republic with a president appointed by Parliament

2004 – English steeplejack, Fred Dibnah, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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