This Day in History - September 12

September 12

490BC – General Datis and his Persian troops are driven back from Marathon by Athenian and Plataean Hoplites commanded by General Miltiades

1213 – Simon de Montfort defeats Peter II of Aragon and Raymond of Toulouse at Muret, France

1609 – Henry Hudson sails into present-day New York Harbor aboard his sloop Half Moon

1662 – Governor Berkley of Virginia is denied his attempts to repeal the Navigation Acts

1683 – The siege of Vienna, Austria is lifted when the Turks are defeated at Kahlenberg by a combined Polish and Austrian army

1722 – The Russo-Persian War is ended by the Treaty of St. Petersburg

1786 – Lord Cornwallis is appointed Governor General of India, despite his failed efforts to suppress the American Revolution

1812 – Man who built the first successful rotary printing press, Richard March Hoe, is born

1829 – Essayist and novelist, Charles Dudley Warner, is born

1836 – An August 25th revolt is crushed by Mexican authorities

1846 – Elizabeth Barrett, poet, and critic, elopes with poet Robert Browning

1861 – The First Battle of Lexington, Missouri begins during the Civil War

1880 – Journalist, Henry L. Mencken, is born

1888 – Singer, dancer, and actor, Maurice Chevalier, is born

1892 – American publisher, Alfred A. Knopf, is born

1910 – Epidemiologist who created and led the US Epidemic Intelligence Service, Alexander D. Langmuir, is born

1913 – Track and field athlete, Jesse Owens, is born

1918 – During World War I, the British take Havincourt, Moeuvres, and Trescault along the Western Front for the second time

1918 – General John J. Pershing and his American Expeditionary Force launch their first major offensive operation during World War I at Saint-Mihiel in northeastern France

1919 – The German Worker’s Party receives a new member- Adolf Hitler

1931 – Author, Kristin Hunter, is born

1931 – Country singer, George Jones, is born

1939 – The French Army advances into Germany in response to the invasion of Poland

1940 – Italian forces begin an offensive into Egypt from Libya

1940 – The Lascaux Caves in France and their prehistoric wall paintings considered to be the finest examples of art from the Upper Paleolithic period, are discovered by four teenagers after following their dog down a narrow entrance into a cavern

1942 – During World War II, the British troop ship, the Laconia, is sunk by a German U-boat resulting in the deaths of more than 1,400 men. The commander of the German sub, Capt. Werner Hartenstein, in realizing that Italian POWs were among the passengers, then tried to aid in their rescue

1943 – Canadian novelist and poet, Michael Ondaatje, is born

1944 – During World War II, American troops fight their way into Germany

1944 – Pop singer, Barry White, aka “the Maestro,” is born

1945 – During World War II, French troops arrive in Indochina

1949 – Pilot of American Airlines Flight 77 that was hijacked and flown into the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, by Islamic terrorists, Charles “Chic” Burlingame III is born

1951 – Former middleweight champion Sugar Ray Robinson wins back his belt in New York City when he defeats Randy Turpin

1951 – Irish politician, Bertie Ahern, is born

1953 – Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy of Massachusetts marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier, a photographer from the Washington Times-Herald in Rhode Island

1953 – Nikita Khrushchev succeeds Soviet leader Joseph Stalin as the first secretary of the Communist Party, after Stalin’s death

1956 – Singer, songwriter, and musician, Brian Robertson, is born

1956 – The “Iron Man” of NASCAR, Richard “Ricky” Rudd, is born

1967 – American comedian, actor, and screenwriter, Louis C.K., is born

1969 – President Richard Nixon orders the bombing of North Vietnam to resume during the Vietnam War

1972 – During the Vietnam War, the US intelligence agencies report to the National Security Council that the North Vietnamese have 100,000 regular troops in South Vietnam and could sustain fighting “at the present rate” for two years

1972 – Cowboy actor William Boyd, best known for his role as Hopalong Cassidy, dies

1974 – Violence breaks out by protesters of the court-ordered busing, an attempt to desegregate public schools, when they throw eggs, bricks and bottles at buses carrying African American students in Boston, Massachusetts

1977 – A South African activist opposing apartheid, Steve Biko, dies in police custody

1977 – American poet, Robert Lowell, dies

1980 – There is a military coup in Turkey

1980 – Chinese basketball player, Yao Ming, is born

1981 – Actress and singer with multiple awards including a Grammy, an Oscar, a Golden Globe, and a British Academy Award, Jennifer Hudson, is born

1988 – Hundreds of people are killed when Hurricane Gilbert takes a swipe at Jamaica, before going on to kill more in Mexico and then create a batch of tornadoes in Texas

1990 – The Allied nations that had occupied post-WWII Germany consisting of the UK, US, and USSR, along with East and West Germany sign the final settlement for reunification of Germany

1992 – Space Shuttle Endeavor takes off as NASA’s 50th shuttle mission and its crew consisted of the first black woman in space, the first married couple, and the first Japanese citizen to fly in a US spacecraft

1993 – The rebuilt Lacey V. Murrow Bridge over Lake Washington opens in Seattle and replaces the Murrow Bridge which was the first floating concrete bridge in the world that was destroyed by a flood in November 1990

2002 – Three former executives from Tyco International are indicted in New York and accused of stealing hundreds of millions of dollars from the company

2003 – Singer, songwriter, actor, and guitarist, Johnny Cash, dies

2003 – Sanctions are lifted against Libya by the UN in exchange for their accepting of responsibility for the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988 and agreement to compensate the victim’s families

2007 – Former president of the Philippines, Joseph Estrada, is convicted of plunder

2008 – American author, David Foster Wallace, dies

2009 – Nobel Prize-winning agronomist and humanitarian, Norman Borlaug, dies

2011 – The 9/11 Memorial Museum in New York City opens to the public

2014 – 2nd First Minister of Northern Ireland, Ian Paisley, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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