This Day in History - August 3

August 3

1347 – Six burghers of the surrounded French city of Calais surrender to Edward III of England in hopes of relieving the siege

1492 – Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his voyage to the new world

1546 – French printer Etienne Dolet, accused of heresy, blasphemy and sedition, is hanged and burned at the stake for printing reformist literature

1553 – Mary Tudor, the new Queen of England, enters London

1610 – Henry Hudson of England discovers a great bay on the east coast of Canada and named it for himself

1692 – French forces under Marshal Luxembourg defeat the English at the Battle of Steenkerque in the Netherlands

1797 – Jeffrey Amherst, who twice refused the position of commander of British forces, dies

1805 – Muhammad Ali becomes the new ruler of Egypt

1807 – The trial of Aaron Burr begins when he is accused of plotting the secession of New England

1823 – Thomas Francis Meagher, an Irish revolutionary and general in the Union army during the Civil War, is born

1846 – The Donner party finds a note warning that their expected route through the mountains is nearly impassable.  The emigrants left Illinois three months earlier, heading to California.  Their remaining voyage was treacherous and in October, having lost 18 days time due to having to search new routes, and forced them to cross the Sierra Nevada Mountains late in the season.  A heavy snowfall trapped them in the frozen mountains and many had to resort to cannibalism to survive.  Only 45 of the original 89 emigrants reached California

1861 – The last installment of Great Expectations by Charles Dickens is published

1864 – Federal gunboats attack but do not capture Fort Gains, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, Alabama

1867 – British Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin, is born

1882 – Congress passes the Immigration Act, banning Chinese immigration for ten years

1887 – English poet, Rupert Brooke, is born

1900 – WWII correspondent, Ernie Pyle, is born

1905 – Social activist, Maggie Kuhn, is born

1908 – Allan Allensworth files the site plan for the first African-American town, Allensworth, California

1909 – Western novelist, Walter Van Tilburg Clark, is born

1911 – Airplanes are used for the first time in a military capacity when Italian planes reconnoiter Turkish lines near Tripoli

1914 – Germany and France declare war on each other

1916 – Sir Roger Casement is hanged for treason in England

1920 – British mystery writer, PD James, is born

1923 – Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as the 30th President following the death of President Warren Harding

1924 – Writer, Leon Uris, is born

1924 – English and Polish actor, Joseph Conrad, dies

1926 – Singer, Tony Bennett, is born

1929 – American economist and sociologist, Thorstein Veblen, dies

1940 – Italy begins its offensive against the British colony of Somaliland, in East Africa

1940 – American actor, Martin Sheen, is born

1941 – Business magnate and television personality, Martha Stewart, is born

1945 – Chinese troops under American General Joseph Stilwell take the town of Myitkyina from the Japanese

1948 – Whittaker Chambers accuses former State Department official, Alger Hiss, of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union during hearings before the House Un-American Activities Committee

1949 – The NBA is born when the Basketball Association of America joins with the National Basketball League

1958 – The first nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, passes under the North Pole

1965 – CBS shows pictures of Marines burning a village in Cam Na, six miles west of Da Nang, causing condemnation of US policy in Vietnam.  The Department of Defense also announces that it will increase the monthly draft

1966 – The US Marines commence Operation Prairie, sweeping the DMZ

1967 – President Lyndon Johnson announces he plans on sending 45,000 more troops to Vietnam

1972 – Former Beatle Paul McCartney announces formation of his new group, Wings

1975 – The Louisiana Superdome is dedicated

1975 – A chartered Boeing 707 jetliner crashes in the Atlas Mountains near Agadir, a coastal city in southern Morocco killing all 188 aboard

1977 – Radio Shack unveils TRS-80 personal computer, which with Apple and Commodore would form the “1977 Trinity.”  Its price and Radio Shack’s established retail outlets made it a bestseller for several years

1982 – Michael Hardwick is arrested for sodomy after police observe him having sex with another man in his bedroom in Georgia.  Although the DA eventually dropped the charges, Hardwick challenged the constitutionality of Georgia’s law.  The Supreme Court ruled that states could continue to criminalize certain sex acts

1984 – American swimmer, Ryan Lochte, is born

1988 – Soviet authorities free Mathias Rust, the young pilot who landed a rented Cessna on Moscow’s Red Square

1990 – The US commits naval forces to the Persian Gulf region in the wake of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait

1995 – English actress and director, Ida Lupino, dies

2004 – State of Liberty’s pedestal reopens to visitors after being closed following the 9/11 terrorist attacks

2004 – French photographer, Henri Cartier-Bresson, dies

2005 – Nobel Prize-winning author and Russian soldier, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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