This Day in History - November 30

November 30

1016 – Cnut the Great (Canute), King of Denmark, claims the English throne after the death of Edmund ‘Ironside’

1648 – English Parliamentary army captures King Charles I

1667 – English satirist and writer, Jonathan Swift is born

1731 – Nearly 100,000 die when an earthquake hits Beijing

1776 – Admiral Richard Howe and General William Howe issued a proclamation awarding amnesty to those who will within 60 days, sign a declaration that they will desist from “Treasonable Actings and Doings”

1782 – The British sign a preliminary agreement in Paris that recognizes American independence

1786 – Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II abolishes the death penalty for his state in a penal reform act, and the date will later be commemorated at Cities for Life Day

1804 – Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase was tried for political bias

1813 – French composer, Charles-Valentin Alkan is born

1835 – Author Mark Twain, aka Samuel Langhorne Clemens, is born

1838 – Mexico declares war on France

1861 – The British Parliament sends an ultimatum to the US, demanding the release of two Confederate diplomats who were seized on the British ship Trent, to Queen Victoria

1864 – The Union wins the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee

1872 – The first international football (soccer) match takes place between England and Scotland

1874 – British prime minister during and after WWII, Winston Churchill is born

1874 – Author, Lucy Maud Montgomery is born

1886 – The Folies Bergere in Paris introduces an elaborate revue featuring scantily clad women in wild costumes for the first time, in a move that will transcend the club into Paris’ most premier nightspot

1900 – The French government denounces British actions in South Africa, declaring sympathy for the Boers

1900 – Oscar Wilde dies in a Paris hotel room after saying of the room’s wallpaper: “One of us had to go”

1902 – Harvey “Kid Curry” Logan, the second-in-command in Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch who murdered people and robbed banks, is sentenced to 20 years hard labor in a Tennessee prison that he will later escape from

1906 – President Theodore Roosevelt publicly denounces segregation of Japanese schoolchildren in San Francisco

1912 – Photographer, Gordon Parks is born

1915 – Singer and guitarist, Brownie McGhee is born

1917 Foreign Minister Richard Von Kuhlmann gives a speech applauding the recent rise to power of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin and his Bolshevik Party, to the German Reichstag government

1919 – Women cast votes for the first time during French legislative elections

1924 – Television executive who founded the Children’s Television Workshop and was the mastermind behind Sesame Street, Joan Ganz Cooney is born

1929 – Television host, Dick Clark is born

1930 – Chief operative for the “White House Plumbers” during Richard Nixon’s administration who organized and oversaw the Watergate burglaries of the DNC headquarters, G. Gordon Liddy is born

1931 – Legendary football coach of the San Francisco 49ers, Bill Walsh is born

1935 – Non-belief in Nazism is proclaimed grounds for divorce in Germany

1935 – Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa dies

1936 – Political and social activist who co-founded the Youth International Party, Abbie Hoffman is born

1937 – English film director and producer who won the Best Picture Oscar for Gladiator in 2000, Sir Ridley Scott is born

1939 – The USSR attacks Finland, sending 465,000 men and 1,000 aircraft

1940 – Actor, Desi Arnaz marries actress, Lucille Ball

1945 – Russia forces capture Danzig in Poland and invade Austria

1947 – A Palestinian civil war breaks out when two buses full of Israeli passengers are attacked by Arab gunmen, and pedestrians are shot by snipers in Tel Aviv

1948 – The Soviet Union installs the government in the Soviet sector of Berlin

1950 – President Truman announces that the US will use the A-bomb in Korea

1954 – A meteorite crashes through the roof of a house, into the living room, bounces off a radio and hits Elizabeth Hodges on her hip in Sylacauga, Alabama

1954 – German conductor and composer, Wilhelm Furtwangler dies

1955 – Musician Billy Idol, aka William Broad, is born

1956 – The US offers emergency oil in Europe to counter the Arab ban

1961 – The Soviet Union vetoes a UN seat for Kuwait

1962 – The only pro athlete to be named All-Star in two major American sports, football, and baseball, Bo Jackson is born

1965 – Lawyer Ralph Nader publishes Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile, which becomes a best-seller and prompts legislation that will lead to seat-belt laws in 49 states and other safety laws

1965 – Defense Secretary McNamara reports to President Johnson that the communists are gaining strength in South Vietnam

1966 – The South Vietnamese Constituent Assembly begins drawing articles for a new constitution

1966 – Barbados wins independence of Great Britain

1967 – Liberal Democratic Senator Eugene McCarthy declares his intention to run in the Democratic Presidential primaries in 1968

1972 – White House Press Secretary Ron Zeigler announces that the administration will make no more public statements concerning U.S. troop withdrawals from Vietnam since the level of U.S. presence had fallen to 27,000 men

1974 – India and Pakistan end a 10-year trade ban

1974 – Elton John’s Greatest Hits takes the #1 spot on the Billboard 200 pop album chart

1974 – Pioneer II sends its photos back to NASA

1974 – The fossilized remains of a female human dubbed Lucy, Australopithecus (Lucy in the sky with diamonds; after the Beatles’ song), were found in Ethiopia. This was the most complete early human skeleton ever discovered

1978 – American singer and actor, Clay Aiken is born

1979 – Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope in 1,000 years to attend an Orthodox mass

1979 – American actor, Zeppo Marx dies

1981 – Representatives of the US and USSR meet in Geneva to begin negotiations on reducing the number of intermediate-range weapons in Europe

1982 – Michael Jackson’s album Thriller is released and will go on to become the best-selling album in history

1989 – Aileen Wuornos, who was incorrectly dubbed by the media as “America’s first female serial killer,” kills Richard Mallory. Wuornos went on to shoot and kill seven men. Her lover, Tyria Moore, worked with police and with her help, Wuornos was captured at a seedy biker bar, convicted and sentenced to death, but not before screaming at the jury, “I’m innocent! I was raped! I hope you get raped! Scumbags of America!”

1990 – Norwegian chess player, Magnus Carlsen is born

1993 – US President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act into law

1994 – MS Achille Lauro, which had suffered a long history of problems including a 1985 terrorist hijacking, catches fire off of the coast of Somalia

1995 – Operation Desert Storm ends officially

1995 – President Bill Clinton becomes the first US president to visit Northern Ireland

1998 – Exxon and Mobil Oil companies agree to a $73.7 billion merger, creating the world’s largest company, Exxon-Mobil


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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