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This Day in History - September 26

September 26

1580 – Sir Francis Drake returns to Plymouth, England after a voyage to circumnavigate the globe

1776 – Congress elects agents to negotiate treaty with France during the Revolutionary War

1777 – The British army launches an offensive, capturing Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War

1783 – American pioneer, Johnny Appleseed, a.k.a. (John Chapman), is born

1783 – Children’s writer, Jane Taylor, is born

1786 – France and Britain sign a trade agreement in London

1820 – Frontiersman, Daniel Boone, dies at the home of his son, Nathan, in Defiance, Mo.

1826 – The Persian cavalry is routed by the Russians at the Battle of Ganja in the Russian Caucasus

1829 – The official British criminal investigation organization, Scotland Yard, is formed

1864 – General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his men assault a Federal garrison near Pulaski, Tennessee during the Civil War

1887 – British aeronautical engineer who invented the “bouncing bombs” used to destroy German dams in World War II, Barnes Wallis, is born

1888 – Poet, critic, and dramatist, T.S. Eliot, is born

1889 – German philosopher, Martin Heidegger, is born

1897 – Pope Paul VI is born

1898 – Composer who wrote musicals with his brother Ira, George Gershwin, is born

1901 – Leon Czolgosz, the man who murdered President William McKinley, is sentenced to death

1913 – The first boat is raised in the locks of the Panama Canal

1914 – The Federal Trade Commission is established to foster competition by preventing monopolies in business

1918 – German Ace Ernst Udet shoots down two Allied planes, bringing his total for the war up to 62 during World War I

1918 – More than 700 Allied tanks, followed by infantry troops, advance against the Germans in the Argonne Forest along the Meuse River during World War I

1937 – ‘Empress of the Blues,’ Bessie Smith, dies in a car crash in Mississippi

1940 – The underground Cabinet War Room suffers a hit when a bomb explodes on the Clive Steps during the London Blitz

1941 – The US Army establishes the Military Police Corps

1943 – Australian cricket player, Ian Chappell, is born

1944 – Operation Market-Garden fails and thousands of British and Polish troops are killed or captured by Germans in the Dutch town of Arnhem during World War II

1945 – Hungarian pianist and composer Bela Bartok dies

1949 – Novelist, Jane Smiley, is born

1950 – General Douglas MacArthur’s American X Corps, fresh from the Inchon landing, links up with the US Eighth Army after its breakout from the Pusan Perimeter during the Korean War

1950 – UN troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans during the Korean War

1953 – Irish folk singer, Dolores Keane, is born

1955 – Country singer, songwriter, and daughter of June Carter, stepdaughter of Johnny Cash, Carlene Carter is born

1955 – The New York Stock Exchange suffers a $44 million loss

1957 – Leonard Bernstein’s West Side Story opens at the Winter Garden Theatre on Broadway

1959 – Australian soldier, businessman, and educator, Leslie Morshead, dies

1960 – Vice President Richard Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy participate in the first nationally televised debate between presidential candidates

1961 – 19-year old Bob Dylan makes his New York singing debut at Gerde’s Folk City

1967 – Hanoi rejects US peace proposal

1969 – Abbey Road, the last album of the Beatles, is released

1969 – Director, David Slade, is born

1969 – President Nixon urges people to give him the support and time he needed to end the Vietnam War honorably

1969 – The Brady Bunch premiers. Despite never reaching the top ten ranks of the Nielsen ratings, the show stands as one of the most important sitcoms of American 1970s television programming

1972 – Richard Nixon meets with Emperor Hirohito in Anchorage, Alaska, the first-ever meeting of a US President and a Japanese Monarch

1977 – Israel announces a cease-fire on Lebanese border

1981 – American tennis player, Serena Williams, is born

1983 – In the USSR Stanislav Petrov disobeys procedures and ignores electronic alarms indicating five incoming nuclear missiles, believing the US would launch more than five if it wanted to start a war. His decision prevented a retaliatory attack that would have begun a nuclear war between the superpowers that would’ve killed hundreds of millions of people. He guessed correctly, that the alarm system had malfunctioned

1984 – The UK agrees to transfer sovereignty of Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China

1986 – William H. Rehnquist was sworn in as the 16th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

1989 – Anti-censorship law approved by Soviet legislature during the Cold War

1996 – US astronaut Shannon Lucid returns to Earth in the US space shuttle Atlantis following a six-month orbit aboard the Russian space station Mir

1997 – Two earthquakes strike Italy, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis to collapse, killing four people and destroying much of the cycle of frescoes depicting the saint’s life

2002 – A ferry from Senegal, the Joomla, capsizes due to wind and rain of a strong storm, off the coast of Gambia. Only 64 out of more than 1,000 passengers were rescued, making it one of the worst maritime disasters in history

2003 – English singer, songwriter, and guitarist, Robert Palme,r dies

2007 – A mistrial is declared in flamboyant music producer Phil Spector’s trial for the murder of actress Lana Clarkson. He would later be tried again and convicted in 2009, sentenced to 19-years to life in prison

2008 – Yves Rossy, a Swiss pilot, and inventor, is the first person to fly a jet-powered wing across the English Channel

2008 – Movie star Paul Newman dies from cancer at his home in Westport, Connecticut

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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