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This Day in History - December 4

December 4

771 – Charlemagne becomes the solo ruler of the Frankish Empire, following the death of his brother, Carloman

1123 – Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet, Omar Khayyam dies

1584 – Puritan clergyman, John Cotton is born

1780 – Continental dragoons commander Colonel William Washington, second cousin once removed from George Washington, captures Loyalists in Camden, South Carolina

1783 – Future president George Washington announces to his Continental Army that he will be resigning his commission

1795 – Scottish historian, Thomas Carlyle is born

1835 – English writer and painter, Samuel Butler is born

1861 – Singer and actress, Lillian Russell is born

1861 – The US Senate votes to expel Senator John Breckinridge of Kentucky because of his joining the Confederate Army

1861 – Queen Victoria of Britain forbids the export of gunpowder, firearms, and materials for their production

1862 – 145 Southern soldiers are captured after the fall of Winchester, Virginia

1863 – A seven-day bombardment of Charleston, South Carolina by Union forces ends

1864 – Eight days of cavalry fighting ends in Georgia

1865 – English nurse who cared for all injured during World War I, regardless of which side they fought for, Edith Cavell is born

1866 – Russian-born painter, Wassily Kandinsky is born

1867 – Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Grange aka the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry, a powerful political force among western farmers

1872 – In the Atlantic Ocean between the Azores and Portugal, the US brigantine Marie Celeste is found adrift, with all of its cargo intact but no one aboard. The eight-member crew, Captain Benjamin Briggs, his wife, and 2-year old daughter were never found and the reason for the abandonment has never been determined

1875 – German poet, Rainer Maria Rilke is born

1892 – Spanish general and dictator who came to power during Spanish Civil War, Francisco Franco is born

1893 – British physicist, John Tyndall dies

1900 – The French National Assembly rejects Nationalist General Mercier’s proposal to invade England

1914 – The first Seaplane Unit formed by the German Navy begins operations from Zeebrugge, Belgium

1916 – Author and playwright W. Somerset Maugham leaves for Pago Pago and the experiences from his trip inspire the story “Miss Thompson”

1917 – Psychiatrist W.H. Rivers presents his report The Repression of War Experience, which discussed shell shock

1918 – President Woodrow Wilson embarks on the first European trip by a US president, to a peace conference in Versailles discussing an official end to World War I

1918 – France cancels trade treaties due to economic struggles caused by the war

1923 – American lawyer and businessman Charles Keating is born

1924 – Geophysicist Frank Press is born

1928 – “Dapper Dan,” Hogan, the “Irish Godfather” of St. Paul, Minnesota is killed when some unknown person plants a car bomb under the floorboards of his car

1937 – Actor, screenwriter, director and producer Max Baer Jr. is born

1940 – American murderer who demanded his death sentence be carried out Gary Gilmore is born

1941 – Operation Taifun (Typhoon), launched by German armies in an effort to take Moscow, is halted because of both lack of aircraft and freezing temperatures

1942 – US planes make the first raids on Naples, Italy

1942 – Polish Christians Zofia Kossak and Wanda Filipowicz put their own lives at risk when they set up the Council for the Assistance of the Jews in Warsaw

1944 – Singer, songwriter, and musician, Chris Hillman is born

1945 – Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer A. Scott Berg is born

1945 – The US Senate approves full US entry into the UN

1949 – Academy Award-winning actor, producer Jeff Bridges is born

1950 – The University of Tennessee defies court rulings by rejecting five black applicants

1952 – The Grumman XS2F-1 makes its first flight

1952 – At least 4,000 are killed over a four-day period of intense smog that hovered over London, England, blocking the sun completely and reducing visibility to five yards in many places. Many died in their sleep, suffered respiratory distress and several rail accidents occurred due to the low visibility. The smog was caused by a high-pressure air mass, extreme cold and more coal burning from too many residents trying to keep warm. This led to an unusually high amount of smoke, soot and sulfur dioxide to be released in the unmoving air, in addition to the normal consumer and auto smog

1959 – Peking pardons the former emperor of China, Pu Yi

1964 – American actress, Marisa Tomei is born

1967 – The US mobile riverine force, along with 400 South Vietnamese soldiers, engage the Viet Cong in the Mekong Delta, killing 235 of the 300-member Viet Cong battalion

1969 – 14 police kill Black Panther members, Fred Hampton and Mark Clark, while they were sleeping, leading to an investigation. No one was indicted in the first grand jury, and in the second, all were indicted but charges were dismissed

1969 – American rapper, actor, producer, and businessman, Jay-Z is born

1975 – German and American theorist and philosopher, Hannah Arendt dies

1976 – English composer, conductor, and pianist, Benjamin Britten dies

1981 – President Ronald Reagan expands the power of the CIA by allowing spying within the US

1985 – Robert McFarland resigns as National Security Advisor and is replaced by Admiral John Poindexter

1991 – The last of the American hostages held in Lebanon are released by Islamic militants, including journalist Terry Anderson, who had spent 2,454 days in captivity

1992 – US President George W. Bush orders 28,000 troops to Somalia during the Somali Civil War

1993 – American singer, songwriter, guitarist and producer Frank Zappa dies

1997 – The NBA suspends Latrell Sprewell, three-time All-Star point guard for the Golden State Warriors for one year, after he attacked Warriors’ coach P.J. Carlesimo during a practice

2009 – American exchange student Amanda Knox and her ex-boyfriend, Italian Raffaele Sollecito, are convicted of the stabbing death of Knox’s British roommate, Meredith Kercher. Knox received a 26-year prison sentence and Sollecito, who actually committed the murder, received a 25-year sentence. A media controversy began in the US as it was questioned whether or not Knox received a fair trial. Then, in 2011, an Italian court reversed the decision and freed them from prison, only to re-convict both in 2013, actually sentencing Knox to a longer incarceration

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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