This Day in History - January 19

January 19


379 – Theodosius becomes co-emperor of the East Roman Empire


1523 – Ulrich Zwingli publishes 67 Articles, the first manifesto of the Zurich Reformation, attacking the authority of the Pope


1736 – Scottish inventor James Watt is born


1764 – John Wilkes is expelled from British Parliament for reputedly libelous and pornographic writings


1783 – William Pitt becomes the youngest Prime Minister of England at age 24


1807 – Civil War Confederate General Robert E. Lee is born


1809 – American author and poet Edgar Allen Poe is born


1812 – Arthur Wellesley, First Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo, after a ten-day siege during the Peninsular War


1829 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s “Faust” (Part 1) premieres and is considered to be one of the greatest works of German literature


1839 – French post-Impressionist painter Paul Cezanne is born


1840 – Captain Charles Wilkes claims a portion of eastern Antarctica for the US, but the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 made the continent an international zone


1847 – New Mexico Governor Charles Bent is killed by Pueblo Indians in Taos


1861 – Georgia secedes from the Union


1862 – Union General George Thomas defeats Confederates commanded by George Crittenden at the Battle of Logan’s Cross Roads in southern Kentucky


1865 – French politician, philosopher, and economist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon dies


1874 – German poet August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben dies


1883 – Heavy fog in the North Sea causes the collision of the Cimbria and the Sultan, two steamships.  357 were killed due to hypothermia and drowning


1883 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey


1902 – The magazine “L” Auto” announces the new Tour de France


1915 – Great Britain suffers minor casualties from the first German air raids


1915 – George Claude of Paris, France patents the electric neon sign in the US


1919 – Editor and publisher John H. Johnson is born


1921 – Crime novelist Patricia Highsmith is born


1923 – The French announce the invention of a new gun that has a firing range of 56 miles


1931 – The Wickersham Committee issues a report asking for revisions in the dry law, but no repeal


1937 – Howard Hughes flies from Los Angeles to New York in seven hours and 22 minutes


1937 – In the Soviet Union, the People’s Commissars Council is formed under Molotov


1941 – British forces attack the Italians in Italian-occupied Eritrea, Africa


1943 – American singer and songwriter Janis Joplin is born


1945 – The Red Army captures Lodz, Krakow, and Tarnow


1946 – American singer, songwriter, and actress Dolly Parton is born


1947 – The French drive on Hue, Indochina


1949 – The Chiang Government moves the capital of China to Canton


1950 – Chinese leader Mao recognizes the Republic of Vietnam


1953 – Lucy Ricardo gave birth to baby Ricky on I Love Lucy, drawing a larger viewing audience than the inauguration of President Eisenhower


1955 – President Eisenhower allows the first filming of a news conference for television


1961 – President Dwight Eisenhower warns incoming President John F. Kennedy that Laos is “the key to the entire area of Southeast Asia.”


1966 – Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister of India


1968 – Cambodia claims the US and South Vietnam crossed the border and killed three Cambodians


1968 – “Sky Soldiers” from the 173rd Airborne Brigade begin Operation McLain to find an destroy communist base camps in the Central Highlands area


1974 – The University of Notre Dame men’s basketball team defeats the University of California, ending UCLA’s 88-game winning streak


1977 – President Gerald Ford pardons Tokyo Rose aka Iva Toguri, a Japanese woman who broadcast propaganda over the radio to Allied troops during World War II to bring down their morale


1977 – The world’s largest crowd gathering takes place at the Hindu Kumbh Mela in India-then record of 15 million people


1981 – The US and Iran sign an accord to release 52 American hostages in Algiers


1983 – The New Catholic code expands women’s rights in the Church


1983 – Klaus Barbie, the Nazi Gestapo chief of Lyons, France during the German occupation is arrested in Bolivia for crimes against humanity.  Barbie sent thousands of French Jews and French Resistance members to their deaths in concentration camps, as well as torturing and executing many others.  He was sentenced to life in prison in 1987


1990 – Indian mystic, guru, and educator Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh dies


1993 – Production begins on Toy Story, the first full-length feature film created by Pixar Animation Studios


1993 – The band Fleetwood Mac reunites to perform at US President Bill Clinton’s first inaugural gala


1997 – Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron for the first time in 30 years as Israel's hands over control of the West Bank region to the Palestinians


1999 – Gary Dellapenta is charged with using the Internet to solicit the rape of a woman who had rejected his sexual advances.  Dellapenta placed ads in her name claiming she had rape fantasies, leading to a minimum of six men showing up at her home in the middle of the night saying they were there to rape her.  Dellapenta was caught when the woman’s father pretended to respond to the ads and was able to trace their origin.  Dellapenta received a six-year prison sentence due to California having just passed a law against cyberstalking


2001 – President Clinton admitted he made false statements under oath concerning his sexual involvement with White House intern Monica Lewinsky


2007 – The first McDonald’s drive-through restaurant is opened in Beijing, China


2007 – Turkish journalist Hrant Dink is assassinated by a 17-year old Turkish nationalist


2013 – Calcium deposits are discovered on Mars by NASA’s Curiosity Rover


2015 – American terrorist Adam Yahiye Gadahn dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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