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This Day in History - September 10

September 10

1419 – In Montereau, France, John the Fearless, is murdered

1487 – Pope Julius III, who promoted the Jesuits, is born

1547 – The Scots are defeated at Pinkie Cleugh by the Duke of Somerset and his English troops

1588 – Thomas Cavendish returns to England, becoming the third man to circumnavigate the globe

1608 – John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in North America

1623 – The first cargo leaves New Plymouth in North America headed for England. It consists of lumber and furs

1669 – Henrietta Maria of France dies

1754 – William Bligh, a British naval officer who was the victim of two mutinies, the most famous being on the HMS Bounty which was taken over by Fletcher Christian, is born

1776 – Captain Nathan Hale of the Continental Army steps up to volunteer for General George Washington’s request for a spy to gather intelligence behind enemy lines before the coming Battle of Harlem Heights during the Revolutionary War. In doing so, he became one of the first known American spies. He will be captured and hanged for his actions. It is also Hale who is rumored to have spoken this as his last words before execution, “I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country,” although this was handed down by legend and is not backed up by historical record

1797 – English author and philosopher, Mary Wollstonecraft, dies

1813 – Six English vessels are captured and/or destroyed by the nine-ship American flotilla under Oliver Hazard Perry on Lake Erie during the War of 1812 and Oliver H. Perry said, “We have met the enemy, and they are ours”

1833 – President Andrew Jackson announces the government will no longer use the Second Bank of the United States, the country’s national bank

1839 – American philosopher, mathematician, and scientist, Charles Sanders Peirce, is born

1846 – The first practical sewing machine is patented in the US by Elias Howe

1847 – First African American to deliver the keynote address at a Republican National Convention, John Roy Lynch, is born

1855 – During the Crimean War, Sevastopol, under siege for nearly a year, finally capitulates to the Allies

1861 – Confederates disengage at Carnifex Ferry, Virginia during the Civil War, allowing Union preservation of western Virginia

1972 – Indian cricket player, Ranjitsinhji, is born

1885 – Pulitzer Prize-winning historian, Carl Van Doren, is born

1892 – Physicist, Arthur Compton, is born

1897 – A 25-year old London taxi driver, George Smith, becomes the first person ever arrested for drunk driving

1898 – Empress, Elisabeth of Austria, dies

1912 – Jules Vedrines becomes the first pilot to break the 100 mph barrier

1914 – The German advance into France is halted by the end of the six-day Battle of the Marne

1919 – New York City holds a parade to honor World War I veterans

1923 – Mussolini mobilizes Italian troops on Serb front in response to a dispute with Yugoslavia

1929 – Golfer who won four Masters, two British Opens, and one US Open, Arnold Palmer, is born

1931 – Crime lord Salvatore Maranzano is shot and stabbed to death in New York City by four men working for Charles “Lucky” Luciano

1934 – Journalist, Charles Kuralt, is born

1935 – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Mary Oliver is born

1935 – American politician, Huey Long, dies

1939 – Canada enters World War II by declaring war on Germany

1940 – In response to German bombing raids referred to as “the Blitz,” which targeted London, the British War Cabinet instructs British bombers to drop bombs “anywhere” if unable to reach their targets

1941 – Paleontologist, biologist, and author Stephen Jay Gould is born

1941 – Inventor of Game Boy, Gunpei Yokoi, is born

1945 – Guitarist, singer, and songwriter, Jose Feliciano, is born

1948 – Actress, author, and photographer, Margaret Trudeau ,is born

1949 – TV host and author, Bill O’Reilly, is born

1950 – Singer and musician, Rosie Flores, is born

1960 – Oscar and Golden Globe-winning actor, Colin Firth, is born

1961 – Jomo Kenyatta returns to Kenya from exile, during which time he had been elected president of the Kenya National African Union

1962 – Rod Laver becomes the first man to win the tennis “Grand Slam” having won four major tournaments in the same year since Don Budge in 1938

1963 – President John F. Kennedy federalizes Alabama’s National Guard in a move to prevent Governor George C. Wallace from using guardsman to stop public school desegregation

1967 – Instead of becoming part of Spain, Gibraltar votes to remain a British dependency

1974 – Guinea-Bissau aka Portuguese Guinea, gains independence from Portugal

1976 – Two jets collide mid-air over Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 176 people due to an air-traffic control error

1976 – American actor and wrestler, Matt Morgan, is born

1977 – Charlene Williams and Gerald Gallego meet at a poker club in Sacramento, California. They went on a rampage terrorizing young women across the country, to rape and murder brutally, including one victim in which they buried alive. They were caught and convicted in 1980. Charlene received 16 years and 8 months in exchange for her testimony against Gerald, who received two death sentences. Interestingly enough, Gerald is the son of the first man to be executed in Mississippi’s gas chamber

1977 – At Baumettes Prison in Marseille, France, Hamida Djandoubi, a Tunisian immigrant who was convicted of murder, becomes the last person executed by guillotine

1981 – Pablo Picasso’s painting Guernica is returned to Spain and put in Madrid’s Prado Museum. Picasso had placed in his will that the painting was not to return to Spain until the Fascists lost power and democracy had been restored

1985 – Scottish soccer player and manager, Jock Stein, dies

1989 – Hungary gives permission for thousands of East German refugees to leave Hungary for West Germany

1991 – The alternative rock band, Nirvana’s “Smells Like Teen Spirit” is released

2001 – Charles Ingram, as a contestant on the British version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, cheats and wins 1 million pounds

2002 – Switzerland joins the UN as the 190th member

2003 – Anna Lindh, Sweden’s foreign minister, is stabbed while out shopping and will die the following day

2007 – Following a 1999 military coup, Nawaz Sharif, former prime minister of Pakistan, returns after seven years in exile

2008 – The world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider, which is described as the biggest scientific experiment in history, is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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