This Day in History - October 14

October 14

1066 – William of Normandy defeats King Harold in the Battle of Hastings

1542 – Mughal emperor, Akbar, is born

1644 – English Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania, William Penn, is born

1651 – A law is passed in Massachusetts forbidding the poor to dress in excessive styles

1705 – Barcelona, Spain is captured by the English Navy

1773 – Britain’s East India Company tea ships’ cargo is burned at Annapolis, MD

1780 – Patriot troops attack and force a Loyalist group to retreat at Shallow Ford, North Carolina during the Revolutionary War

1806 – Napoleon Bonaparte crushes the Prussian army at Jena, Germany

1822 – Playwright and writer Victor Hugo marries Adele Foucher and their marriage will survive notorious infidelities on both sides

1832 – Blackfeet Indians attack American Fur Company trappers near Montana’s Jefferson River, killing one

1863 – An outnumbered Union force repels an attack from Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Bristoe Station in Virginia during the Civil War

1884 – Transparent paper-strip photographic film is patented by George Eastman

1888 – Short story writer, Katherine Mansfield, is born

1890 – 34th President of the US, Dwight Eisenhower, is born

1894 – American poet, E.E. Cummings, is born

1896 – “The First Lady of the Silent Screen,” film actress, Lilian Gish, is born

1905 – Hungarian-born travel writer, Eugene Fodor, is born

1906 – German and American theorist and philosopher, Hannah Arendt, is born

1912 – An assassination attempt is made on former US President Theodore Roosevelt in Milwaukee, and his life is saved by the papers in his breast pocket and even though he is wounded, he insists on finishing his speech

1913 – 439 coal miners die in a massive explosion in Wales, which was one of Britain’s worst-ever mining disasters. Emergency workers found scores of headless and dismembered bodies once entering the mine but were able to rescue 500, even though many had serious injuries. Worried about stability, mine officials eventually canceled rescue efforts and sealed off the mine, entombing approximately 200 bodies forever

1916 – US Surgeon General, C. Everett Koop, is born

1918 – Corporal Adolf Hitler is temporarily blinded by a British gas shell in the Ypres Salient in Belgium during World War I

1926 – Blues guitarist and singer, Son Thomas, is born

1927 – Actor, Sir Roger Moore, is born

1930 – Former President of the Congo/Zaire by way of overthrowing first democratically elected president of the Republic of the Congo, Mobutu Sese Seko is born

1930 – During a performance of Gershwin’s Girl Crazy, singer Ethel Merman stuns the audience by holding a high C for sixteen bars

1933 – The Geneva disarmament conference breaks up as Germany proclaims withdrawal from the disarmament initiative, as well as from the League of Nations, effective October 23 thus beginning Germany’s policy of independent actions in foreign affairs

1939 – Fashion designer, Ralph Lauren, is born

1940 – Actor, director, and writer, Christopher Timothy

1944 – German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, known as “the Desert Fox” is suspected of complicity in the July 20th plot against Hitler and as such, he is visited by two of Hitler’s staff members who give him the choice of a public trial or suicide by poisoning. He chooses the latter and it is announced that he died

1947 – The sound barrier is broken by test pilot, Chuck Yeager, aboard a Bell X-1 rocket plane

1950 – Chinese Communist Forces begin to infiltrate the North Korean Army

1954 – Israeli nuclear technician who provided details of Israeli’s nuclear program to the British press due to his opposition to weapons of mass destruction, Mordechai Vanunu is born

1959 – Australian actor, Errol Flynn, dies

1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis begins and the USAF U-2 reconnaissance pilot photographs Cubans installing Soviet-made missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads

1964 – Nikita Khrushchev is ousted as the premiere of the Soviet Union and leader of the Communist Party after ten years of leadership, and replaced with Leonid Brezhnev

1964 – Rev. Martin Luther King is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advocating a policy of non-violence

1966 – The underground Montreal Metro rapid-transit system is opened in Montreal, Quebec, Canada

1968 – US Defense Department announces 24,00 soldiers and Marines will be sent back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours of duty

1968 – American Jim Hines breaks the “ten-second barrier” in the 100-meter sprint at the Olympics in Mexico City with a time of 9.95

1969 – The British 50-pence coin enters the UK’s currency and is the first step toward converting to a decimal system

1974 – Singer, songwriter, and activist, Natalie Maines, is born

1975 – Ronald DeFeo Jr. goes on trial for the killings of his parents and four siblings in their Amityville, New York, home on October 14th. It is the family’s house that inspires the Amityville Horror book and movies as the house is said to be haunted. DeFeo was found guilty of six counts of second-degree murder and later sentenced to six consecutive sentences of 25 years to life in prison

1977 – American singer and actor, Bing Crosby, dies

1978 – Singer and one of the top-selling artists in music history, Usher aka Usher Raymond IV is born

1983 – Prime Minister of Grenada Maurice Bishop is overthrown and later executed by a military coup

1990 – Composer and conductor, Leonard Bernstein, dies

1994 – A Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israel’s Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres for establishing the Oslo Accords and preparing the Palestinian Self Government

1994 – Quentin Tarantino’s Pulp Fiction debuts

1998 – Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with the 1996 bombing during the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, which was one of several bombings he had done to protest legalized abortion in the US

2003 – A Chicago Cubs fan named Steve Bartman plucks a fly ball out of the air before outfielder Moises Alou can catch it—a catch that would have been a crucial out—in the sixth game of the league championship series against the Florida Marlins. As a result of Bartman’s interference, the Cubs lost their momentum and the game. Bartman was escorted from Wrigley Field by security guards as bloodthirsty fans hurled beer cans and other debris at his head. The next day, he went into hiding—but not before he told the press that “I’ve been a Cub fan all my life and fully understand the relationship between my actions and the outcome of the game—I am so truly sorry from the bottom of this Cubs fan’s broken heart”

2012 – American politician, Arlen Specter, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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